Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Health and Social Care Essay Example for Free

wellness and complaisant headache EssayIntroduction social indemnity refers to the issue of addressing the needs of the ships company by the dry land. It solelyots negociate of the offbeat aspects of the sight that be based on some strategies, ideologies, regulation and confinements. This phenomenon has reached a global scale nowadays. Social constitution has now a wider span and has expanded its horizon to enhance the eudaimonia of the usual population. marshal (1950) devised the idea of loving citizenship that paved the way to the welfare provisions. These rights were focused on the economic independence and a minimum standard of life history for the citizen. Health is now considered something beyond the physical aspect. It has mental, psychological, favorable implications. Health and welfare are the result of some sophisticated relations of socio-economic issues and the sufficiency of amenities sufferd (Atkinson et al., 2001). The existing mixer and well ness bring off carcass was actually open in 1948 the formation of which started before the min World War. It got a new dimension in the later part of the century where the community took the designs of the institutes and the control shifted to the private sectors. though it has some loopholes during the course, it has gone through several significant changes.This study will discuss the important landmarks in the history of UK mixer policy and provisions along with a critical evaluation and the recent achievements in this regard. It will also focus on the factors rotter the formation of the policies and their impact on the aid users. job 1 historical and CONTEMPORARY LANDMARKS in social welfare provision1.1 historical and CONTEMPORARY LANDMARKS in social policyPrior to and during the Second World WarThe Poor law was the sole social care facility that was provided prior to the Second World War which basically focused on the ripened citizen and the incapacitated. It made it mandatory for each community to give benefit in the form of less waken for the deprived class. This law was later renamed into humans assistant which was the result of Local Government travel, 1929. Subsequently, the facilities were open for everyone disregarding of harm and were applicable for people who did not make up the money to pay for wellness care. (Pat Thane, 2009) The Disabled somebodys Employment bite, 1944 made it mandatory for the companies to give jobs to people included in Disabled Persons archives which should be minimum three percent of their employment. (Barnes, 1991) The National Association for Mental Health was later established in 1946 which had a movement for improved facility for the mentally disabled patients.National Health suffice and the National Assistance BoardThe Poor law was terminated with the introduction of the National Assistance (NA) Act in 1946 which came into practice two years later. National Assistance Board (NAB) came into existen ce with the advent of this special(a) act. National Health Service took the hospitals under them which also came into being in the same year as NAB. NAB was later substituted by the Supplementary emoluments which merged with the Department of Health and Social Security in the year 1968. (Burt et al., 2003) After the Second World WarThe Mental Health Act came into being in 1959 that targeted to give the mentally disabled people a space in the society. It was the contribution of The National Assistance Act 1948, amended in 1962 that gave incentive to the native political science to facilitate the superior citizen and people with disability with food, pastime facilities and to chalk away a decade long plan to enable them to stay in their respective residents for a period according to their will. (Pat Thane, 2009) In1968, Health run and Public Health Act took the function to the senior citizens the and the people with disability to another level by turning extensive services man age washing,stewards, recreation and attend to in their home. (Bauld et al., 2005)In order to facilitate a social service discussion section in every community, the Local Authority Social Services Act came into being in 1970. This was aimed at establishing a system where there is a collaborative and wide ranging arrangement for the replete(p) social care system that will address the issues of people and give assistance to them who are in need of them. This partitioning was given the duty of domestic aid, housing, food and entertainment facilities. The native authorities were made bound to make out a catalogue of the incapacitated people and the services were to be exposed to the common mass. Invalidity Benefit came into existence in 1971which was later modified three years later which had the provision for Invalid superintend Allowance In order to provide assistance to the people who wants to take the service of the topical anaesthetic supplier or a provider of their own cho ice of wellnesscare instead of the hospitals, District Health regime were given the authority in 1983 to give more finance to those people.In order to take care of the issue of make advancements in the service of the senior citizens and the people with disability, a series of papers intercommunicate these issues to facilitate an improved service to the public. (Pat Thane, 2009)In an attempt to give more effort to the service to the people with disability, Disabled Persons Representation Act, 1986 was introduced so that they are taken into consideration more than before during the policy formulation. It gave the local bodies the duty to evaluate the requirement of the people with disability in terms of the social service and take care of these needs and let them know or so the offers and facilities the local bodies are going to provide. (Daunt, 1992) In 1996, the familiarity Care Act was implemented to facilitate the people in need of social service with the und so that they ca n pay for the services. at that place are several another acts that were introduced to enhance the social care to the UK people they are the following Carers (Recognition and Services) Act, 1995Mental Health (Patients in the Community) Act, 1995Disability Discrimination Act, 1995Carers and Disabled Children Act 2000 circumscribed Educational Needs and Disability Act, 200Private Hire Vehicle Act, 2002Disability Discrimination Act (amended) 2005Disability Equality Duty (DED), 2006Welfare Reform Act 20071.2 factors influencing the festering of policy legislationsThe provisions regarding wellnesscare and welfare are mainly designed to provide the people with the economic assurance in shimmy of any illness, disease, aging or lack of financial crisis due to the lack of a job. There are several types of allowance which is provided when a soulfulness is ill or out of job which are okay up by the insurance arrangements of the state.In the period after Second World War the state was m ore e focused on giving jobs to everyone. It was supported by the free education system and academic allowances. The prime attention of that period was basically the fund to the domestic arena, health care all around the country and obviously jobs to everyone. The employers and the political science word collaboratively in this regard.task 2 origins of social policies2.1 PROCESS in key Health and Social Policy legalizationThe act is often preceded by a bill. The health related bills are presented in front of the parliament. Health and social policies are basically the activities and steps taken by the state to achieve a certain result in the national health scenario. The entire arrangement and structure of the health sector is deeply exploitd by the act and legislation. These procure of formulating the policies may variegate in nature. The place for the policy formulation and structure along with the attributes of the strategy has implication in the development of these acts. T he whole procedure of policy formulation and implementation needs to be apprehended properly so that itbecome convenient to make use of the resources and bring significant modifications in the healthcare provisions.These processes wipe out bod of stages. It starts with the design of the policy. In tis frost stage, draw plays of insights and information regarding the need of the service receivers are received. It takes into consideration the goal and the expected results are determined and according to them the appropriate steps are taken to make certain(a) the required inputs are arranged. Secondly, the designed policy is practically applied by speeding the policy. It takes active measures to track down the policy. The final stage includes assessment and adjustment where the policies are scrutinized and modified according to the need of the situation.2.2 INFLUENTIAL factors behind a parliamentary actHealth and social welfare related issues are soundly influence by the people themselves. But the policy and parliamentary act are also affected by the assessment and the understanding and decision of the people concerned with the policy formation. There is also the consideration of the demarcation of resources. In addition, the thinking process and the principals have a billet to play. These policy makers have their own set(p) of view and philosophies that are influenced by their allegiance to their respective parties (Ungerson, 1997). There are various modes of accomplishing the policies which can be customary or contemporary. There is also pressure from the activists and communities. Unexpected situations and likelihoods of events also play a role in the policy making process in the health care and social policy which may result in a very unscrupulous decisions and polices. (Spanswick, 2003)2.3 the impact of the Act on service usersThe health and social care acts have positive effect throughout the UK history. These acts have answered to give people op ening to their fundamental right of health care, specially the older generation and the disabled people. (Foster et al., 2001) It has given the UK healthcare and welfare a solid structure. Health acre and social care had been two isolated entities,courtesy of the acts. But tis tumult created a problem of lack of coordination. This disintegration was through in terms of the strategies and control of the bodies but they have been integrated to better serve the people.2.4 POLITICAL leaders contriburion on policiesPolitical leaders have snappy contribution in helping the country recover from the adversities and downturn in the economy that resulted from the havoc of the Second World War. They help made the legislations to bring major changes in the social policies that had a foundation that predates the war. These politicians help pass the Health Act 2009 that aimed to take the National health Service to an advanced level to provide better facilities and service to the common mass.. I n 2008 they passed Health and Social Care Act that had a bouncy contribution in revolutionizing and incorporating health and social care. The 2006 Health Act came up with the regulation that prevented public bullet and set the age restriction for smokers that was applicable to the seller of tobacco products. It also took care of the management of the medicine and observation of trans accomplishs with pharmaceutical goods. (Hochschild, 1995)2.5 improving the CARE WITH the on-going policy changesThe policies that are concerned with the peoples welfare are always vulnerable to adjustments and amendments. Any vital change requires a lot retardation and it has the risk of producing debate. The Medicare Program, introduced in 1965, has seen much modification since its inception which has helped the public to have access to better services. foster elective packages have been introduced by the authority to add to the convenience of people. (Alber, 1995) trade union movement 3 impact o f social policies on users of health and social care services 3.1 contemporary policy developments and implementationThe healthcare authorities and the social care bodies make sure everyone is treated with equality regarding the services. The strategy and regulation is designed in such a way that ensures service receivers get the servicemaintaining their freedom and self-esteem. The state does its best to offer the widest range of services. They disseminate information to the public about the heath related issues and they also inform about the nourishing ingredients of a meal. Through the various programs, people are encouraged to maintain a sizeable lifestyle and children are imparted education. About the health related issues. There are many a(prenominal) joint accident sin the health and social care sector they provide employment along with the measures to improve the social care sector and take care of issues like health discriminations, infant health and adolescence health, health of senior citizens and so on. (Mason and Smith, 2005)3.2 Measuring the impact of policy initiatives on service usersThere are lots of evaluation methods that are being followed by the USA government to ensure the effectiveness and the efficiency of providing services to the service users. Evidence based policy making is one of the major force for the best quality policy appraisal in the U.K. This policy making systems require policy maker and implement authority of all of these policy to utilize and use the information from different source including evaluation of the past rules and policy, statistics data, academic overlay and researches, economics rules and theories, national statistics, consultation with expert or agents etc. even the public expenditure, expending and the tax also take part in this process. The UK Government has already undertaken, and also they are presently undertaking some random proscribed trials of policy steps.3.3 the impact of a specific policyAt 1999, The NSF or The National Service good example for the mental health published. It is it is the central element for the working age adults regarding the policy of government. Beside this, this is plan or program for ten years improvement of the metal health care in UK. This NSF also described how this policy, system and the improvement will happen and the evidence relating this also given in NSF (CSIP/NIMHE, 2007). Though NSF is focusing on the decreasing of the smoke rate among people but it is not acomprehensive or massive activity of improving health care like general health acre. Eight different pilot studies on the subject of improvement of the physical health care have been studied by the public health committee of the English strategy. (Beecham, 2005)3.4 policies in improving the quality of lifePolicies can play a virtual role in the improvement of the service users quality of the life. Participating interest group like patient organization is very effective in this rega rd. The focus was later concentrated in the cut down of taxes, the reduction of interference by the government and the reduction in the government expenditure in 1975. But it had to take some portion out of the welfare budget. Currently, the state is more focused on providing people with employment rather than providing them with abundant allowances and benefits. There have been many regulation and law which are introduced to address the issues of labor, healthcare and social care nowadays. (Gulliford and Morgan, 2003) Task 4 Recent developments in health and social care policy 4.1 recent development in health and social care policyIt deals with many different things like voluntary sectors in welfare, the role or the part of religion etc. Also it deals with free worldwide secondary education and many more. Indigence is one of the primary causes of sickness. The poor and broken law authority started to evaluate hospitals for the sick people. Health and social care policy deals with the rules and the policies, system regarding people welfare state. Most of the average report founded on three assumptions which is health services, family allowance and full employment. Beside all of these things current period achievement is the pensions, insurance, tax credits, gear to the family income etc. All of these this is the implement of current era of time. It also deals with the health and social care initiatives, social and labor inclusions, important legislation initiative, and rights etc. The announcement done by the Peter Lilley will help get the harmony to the benefit system. These mainly decrease the dependency of the benefit by helping the person or people in their work. (Judge, and Bauld, 2006)4.2 thedifferences in formation and adaptionAt this 29th century the social and the health care system policies initiative reached the rural and far areas of the United Kingdom. The main goal of this initiative of the health and social care is to provide the health and so cial care services to the society for the wellbeing of the society without considering the financial condition of the people. The main goal of this initiative is to provide state edification, pension and the universal health care to the citizen of the country. Similar to Japan the heath care of USA is being dominated and maintained and controlled by the different kind of insurance scheme=where state do not play any part. Social and health care is a contract between the individual citizen and the government in Scotland. But its straight forward in English policy where government ensures the commitment to give better health and social service rather than improving the policy itself. So it is more effective for the citizen of the country. This is a general contract between the service user or the citizen and the government service providers.ConclsuionThe main focus of the healthcare and social care has been the equality of access recently. All the acts and polices are aimed at proving people with the most fundamental services and making sure that no one gets deprived (Exworthy et al.,2003). The undertaking of the major policy matters has been done in collaboration and various bodies across the state and government have put a lot of effort to take the healthcare and social care to a new dimension.ReferenceAlber, J. (1995). A Framework for the Comparative Study of Social Services, Journal of European Social Policy 5 (2) 13149.Atkinson, M. et al. (2001) Systematic review of ethnicity and health service access for London. University of Warwick Warwick.Bauld, L. et al. (2005) Promoting social change the experience of health action zones in England. Journal of Social Policy 34 (3)427-445.Barnes, C. (1991) Disabled People in Britain and Discrimination A Case for Anti-Discrimination Legislation, Hurst and Co in association with the British Council of Organizations of Disabled People, London.Beecham, J. (2005) Access to mental health supports in England crisis resolution teams and day services. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 28 574-587.Burt, J. et al. (2003) The relationship between use of NHS right away and deprivation in southeast London an ecological analysis. Journal of Public Health Medicine 25 (2)174-176.CSIP/NIMHE (2007) Mental Health New Ways of Working for Everyone. Progress Report 280692, Department of Health London.Daunt, P. (1992) coming together Disability A European Perspective, Cassell Education, London.Exworthy, M. et al. (2003) Tackling health inequalities in the United Kingdom the progress and pitfalls of policy. Health Services Research 38(6, pt 2) 1905-1921.Foster, J. et al. (2001) A qualitative study of older peoples views of out-of-hours services. British Journal of General expend 51 (470) 719-723.Gulliford, M. and Morgan, M. (2003) Access to Health Care. Routledge London.Hochschild, A. R. (1995). The Culture of Politics Traditional, Post-modern, Coldmodern, and Warm-modern Ideals of Care, Social Politics 2 (3) 33145.Judge, K. and Bauld, L. (2006) training from policy failure? Health action zones in England. European Journal of Public Health 16 (4)341-3.Marshall, T. H. (1950) Citizenship and Social Class. Cambridge Cambridge University Press. Mason, A. and Smith, P.C. (2005) Description of theBenefit Basket, England. Report prepared for the HealthBASKET project, funded by the European Commission within the 6th Framework Research ProgrammeSpanswick, M. (2003) Access to health care vulnerable groups in society. In Public Health and Society,Ungerson, C. (ed.) (1997), Social Politics and the Commodification of Care, Social Politics 4 (3) 36282Thane P.(2009). History and Policy. record SUBMITTED TO THE HOUSE OF COMMONS HEALTH COMMITTEE INQUIRY SOCIAL CARE. 67 (1) 140-145

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