Sunday, May 26, 2019
Fiction and Literature Outdoor Literature
When I read great belles-lettres, great drama, speeches, or sermons, I feel that the gay mind has not achieved some(prenominal)thing greater than the ability to shargon feelings and ideals through lecture. - James Earl J geniuss The major types of literature across the world argon English, classical, Latin, Roman, African, Indian, American, French, Irish, Spain, Chinese, Italian, Japanese, Persian, Sanskrit, Nepali, Russian and Canadian literature. Literature is a well-considered form of a language that influences the minds of readers of all age.Italian Renaissance is the age of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, w hereas Greece Literature mostly comprises the literature of Greek Gods and Goddesses. Romanticism of Wordsworth is the literature which is oriented towards individualality and can be considered to be reverse of classicism. Todays era of Modernism and Post modernism uses artificial language ground on ambiguity, satire and parody. Some authors choose long compositi on methods to link more than one story. Moreover, literature being a part of scientific language is also use to analyze grammar, usage, lexis and semantics. Kinds of Literature Fictional LiteratureDrama Drama is the theatrical dialog performed on stage, it consists of 5 acts. Tragedy, comedy and melodrama are the sub types of drama. e. g William Shakespeare, an Elizabethan dramatist composed the plays Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, King Lear that are famous because of its combination of tragedy and comedy. Problem play, farce, fantasy, monologue and comedy of manners are some kinds of drama. Tragedy It is a story of the major character who faces bad luck. Tragedy, elements of horrors and struggle usually concludes with the death of a person. The Illiad and The Odyssey by Homer are the two famous Greek tragedies.Comedy The induce character overcomes the conflicts and overall look of the comedy is full of laughter and the issues are handled very lightly. The elements used in the comedy ar e amatoryism, exaggeration, surprises and a comic visual sense of lifetime. Melodrama Melodrama is a blend of two nouns melody and drama. It is a musical play most popular by 1840. Uncle Toms Cabin is one of the most popular plays describing cruelty of push life. It has happy ending like comedy. Tragicomedy The play that begins with serious mode but has a happy ending is tragicomedy. Prose LiteratureHistory, journalism, philosophy, fiction and fantasy writings, scientific writings, childrens literature authors and writers are included in Prose Literature. Myth Myths are the fairy tales with lots of adventure, magic and it lacks scientific proof. Nursery rhymes, songs and lullabies are forms of myths that strike the interest of children. Creative and nature myth are stories of the stars and moon. Magic tales are wonderful tales of quests and fantasy. Hero myths are ideal heroes of adventure. Short story The small commercial fiction, true or imaginary, littler than a novel is kno wn as short story.Short stories are well-grouped that followed the sequence of easy and no complexity in beginning, concrete theme, some dialogs and ends with resolution. They are oral and short-lived which have gossip, joke, fable, myth, parable, hearsay and legend. Novel Novel can be based on comic, crime, detective, adventurous, romantic or political story divided into many a(prenominal) parts. The major kinds of novels are Allegory The symbolic story revolves around two meanings. What the writer says directly is totally different from the conveyed meanings at the end. Political and Historical fable are two forms of Allegory.Comedy Satire is very common form in comedy novels and tries to focus on the facts of the society and their desires. Epistolary The collection of letters or mails is the epistolary novels. Samuel Richardsons Pamela and Henry Fieldings Joseph Andrew are the few examples of Epistolary novels. Feminist These types of novels are written by women writers around the world to describe the place of women in a male dominated society. E. g Virginia Woolfs A Room of ones Own. Gothic Gothic fiction is the combination of both horror and romance. Melodrama and parody were grouped in the Gothic literature in its early stages.Ironic Ironic novels are known for excessive use of taradiddle technique. It is satire on the contemporary society almost cultural, social and political issues. Realism The realistic novels are based on the truths of ordinary society and their problems. It focuses on the plot, structure and the characters of the novel. Romance Love and relationship topics are handled optimistically in the romantic novels. It melodic phraseated in western countries basically the story revolves around love affairs of main characters. Some popular sub categories of romantic novels are paranormal, erotic, suspense, multicultural and inspirational romance.Narration In narrative style, writer becomes the third person who narrates whole story aroun d the characters. Naturalism Naturalism is based on the theory of Darwin. Picaresque It is opposite to romance novels as it involves ideals, themes and principles that refuse the so-called prejudices of the society. Psychological Its the psychological prospective of mind with a resolution. Satire Satirical novels ping the contemporary society. The most famous novels are Jonathan Swifts Gullivers Travels (1726), Kingsley Amiss Lucky Jim (1954), George Orwells Animal Farm and Randell Jarrells Pictures from an Institution (1954).Stream of Consciousness James Joyces stream of consciousness is all about the thought coming up in the minds of the readers. A novel also constitutes categories on social and political aspects like proletarian, psychological, protest novel, government, didactic, materialist novel, allegorical novel, novel of engagement, naturalistic novel, red ink novel, radical novel, revolutionary novel, anti-war novel, utopian novel, futuristic novel, anarchist novel, prob lem novel, social philosophy novel, novel of ideas, problem play and speculative novel. Folk TaleFolk Tales are conventional stories that have been creating interest since ancient times. The children and old persons like religious story, magic and superstition as well. Fable, tall tales, cumulative, trickster and proverbs are the sub categories of folk tales. Mythology or legend is the ancient religious stories of origin and human civilization such as story of Robin Hood. Types of poetry Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of all-powerful feelings recollected in the tranquility. Greek poetry is found in free verse and we have rhymes in the Persian poem. Are you wondering how to write a poem, here are the followings forms of poem?Sonnet Sonnet is the short poem of 14 lines grouped into Shakespearean and Italian sonnets. Ballad The poems that are on the subject case of love and sung by the poet or group of singers as telling readers a story. Elegy This type of poem is the lamenting of the death of a person or his near one. Elegy Written in Country Churchyard by Thomas Gray is one of the famous poems marked as good-for-naught poems of the ages. Ode Ode is the formal and long poem serious in nature. Allegory Allegory is the famous form of poetry and is loved by the readers because of its two symbolic meanings.One is the oral meaning and another is the deep meaning. Epic and Mock epic Epics are the narrative poems that convey moral and culture of that period. The Odyssey and Iliad are one of the largest philosophical epics written by Samuel Butler. Rape of the Lock is the great mock epic focusing on the minor incident of cutting of a curl. Lyric It has Greek origin that gives a melody of imagery. It is the direct appeal of a poet to the readers about any incident or historical events. Lyrics are most of the time similar to ode or sonnets in the form. Nonfiction LiteratureNonfiction Literature is opposite to fiction as it is informative and comprises the interes ting facts with analysis and illustrations. Main types of Non- fiction literature record and Biography An autobiography is the story of the authors own life. Family Life at the White House by Bill Clinton is focused on his life and achievements. Wings of fire by Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Mein kampf of Adolph Hitler are the autobiography books on real life. Essay Generally the authors point of view about any particular topic in a detailed management is an set about.Essay has simple way of narrating the main subject therefore they are descriptive, lengthy, subject oriented and comparative. Different types of essay Personal essay, expository essay type, response essay, mental process essay, persuasive essay, argumentative essay, critical essay type, interview essay, reflective essay type, evaluation, honoring essay, comparison type of essay, application essay, compare and contrast essay and narrative essay type. Literary criticism It is the critical study of a piece of literature. Here critics apply different theories, evaluation, discussion and explanation to the text or an essay to give total judgments.Plato, Aristotle, T. S. Eliot, Saussure and Frye are some of the famous critics. Travel literature It is the narration of any tour or foreign journey with the explanation of the events, dates, places, sights and authors views. Francis Bacons natural philosophies in the middle of Seventeenth century is one famous example of travel literature. Diary Diaries are the incidents recorded by the author without any means of publishing them. It is the rough work of ones daily routine, happenings, memorable days or events in their life. E. g.Anne Franks Diary of a Young Girl was published by her begetter in 1940s its a story of a girl trapped during German invade Amsterdam. Diaries consists of business letters, newsletters, weather listing. In todays world of Internet, writers write in blogs, forums, polls and social networking sites to convey their thoughts. This a lso is a form of diary writing. Some profound forms of diaries are online diary, travel, sleep, tagebuch, fictional, dream and death diaries. Journal Journal is one of types of diaries that records infinite information. They are of following typesPersonal It is for personal analysis. In this journal one can write his goal, daily thoughts, events and situations. Academic It is for students who do research or dissertation on particular subjects. Creative journals Creative journals are the imaginative writing of a story, poem or narrative. Trade Trade journals are used by industrial purposes where they dictate practical information. Dialectical This journal is use by students to write on double column notebook. They can write facts, experiments, and observation on the left side and right side can be a series of thoughts and response with an end.Newspaper It is a collection of daily or hebdomadally news of politics, sports, leisure, fashion, movies and business. Magazine Magazines can be the current affairs or opinions well collected covering various content. Frame Narrative The psychoanalysis of human mind is sit in a frame narrative. Here we find another story within the main story. Some of the popular narratives are Pegasus, Wuthering Heights, The spry Horse, The Three Pigs, A Time to keep and the Tasha Tudor Book of Holidays. Outdoor literature Outdoor literature is the literature of adventure that gives whole exploration of an event.Exciting moments of life such as horse riding, fishing, trekking can be a part of literature. Some outdoor books are The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain, Treasure Island by Robert Louis, Voyages by Richard Hakluyt and A Short Walk in the Hindu Kush by Eric Newby. Narrative form of Literature Today we find movies, audio and video CDs and Cassettes that present current literature in use. Digital poetry is an upcoming trend too. Comic books, cartoons, eBook and Internet games are the learning methods for children. Literatur e includes centuries, human nature, cultures and souls. Isnt it?